If you are one of those looking for a multi-purpose heavy equipment for your next construction project, then Backhoe Loader (BHL) can be that master piece. A BHL can dig, back-fill, handle material and perform many more tasks with the right attachments.

So, here are some inspection tips that you can follow to purchase the right BHL (used or new) for your construction site…

How to inspect a backhoe loader?

1. Check loader bucket and its components thoroughly- Inspect the loader bucket carefully and pay close attention to the leading edges, thickness of the bucket side panels, the condition of bucket bottom and bucket teeth.

2. Check the backhoe boom, stick and bucket: Looking at the overall condition of the backhoe bucket is also necessary. You need to inspect the backhoe boom and stick for any cracks or bends. You also need to ensure that the overall dig depth of the backhoe is the maximum as per your requirement.

3. Check the hydraulic system and engine: The hydraulic system is responsible for the efficient operation of many moving parts of BHL. So check all the hydraulic components such as arms and swings, working of the joysticks etc., carefully. Difficulty in steering, high fluid temperature, fall in pressure and chattering signs are some hydraulics related issues. A powerful diesel engine at the heart and amazing hydraulics are a must for the BHL.

4. Check the brakes of the BHL- Test the working of the brakes as sometimes the original ones are replaced by cheap quality ones. This may result in incorrect behaviour or strange noises, thus hampering the work at jobsite. So, you need to start the machine and check the noise level. If the engine makes strange noise, then it means that the machine may not give good results.

5. Check for leaking fluids under the machine- Make sure that you check along the backhoe loader and the cylinders. Also, check all the hoses or arms. As the machinery wears off, oils and lubricant begin to leak from the arms, hoses, cylinders and engine as well. This may impact the speed of the machine.

6. Check the tyres and underneath: Inspect the axle seals carefully to see if there are any signs of leaks. Get under the BHL and take a look at the driveshaft to find out if any damage is caused by rocks or bumpy terrain. If excessive noise comes from the drive shafts, when the machine is in operation, it means that there is some issue.

7. Check the cab and other general operations of BHL: Get into the cab and evaluate the overall condition of the seat, joysticks and foot pedals. Further, start up the machine and carry out general operating tasks, set the stabilizers on the ground, lift tires off the ground and swing the boom from left to right and move the loader arm up and down for checking any loose pins or bushings. Also, take a close look at the stabilizers for any signs of leaks, damage, cracks or dents.

Apart from the above mentioned points, one also needs to look at the overall structure and exteriors of the equipment. So, inspect the BHL thoroughly and select the equipment with caution.